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di 11 mar 2014, 12:52

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dinsdag 11 maart 2014
www.stelling.nl/kleintje/actueel/EBJW1394530094.html


Vrijdagnacht. 7 maart. Twee uur. Boryspil airport. Kiev. Een niet geregistreerd transportvliegtuig stijgt op. Aan boord meer dan 40 zware kratten. Kort tevoren aangevoerd door een zestal trucks zonder nummerbord. De lading werd rapido overgeheveld door 15 gewapende mannen. Zwart uniform. Balaclava's. Kogelvrije vesten. Daarna gingen een paar heren in burger ook aan boord van het toestel. De trucks scheurden weg. Op hetzelfde moment vertrok het vliegtuig.

Stel je bent een eenvoudige schoonmaker op een vliegveld en je ziet zoiets gebeuren. Ga je toch vragen wat er aan de hand is. Deden een paar leden van het lokale bezemgilde ook. Kregen kort en krachtig te horen dat ze het voorval moesten vergeten. Beter voor hun gezondheid. Maar hoe gaat zoiets? Het lekte toch uit. En een paar collega's van het dagvod Iskra gingen aan de slag. Uiteindelijk wisten ze een paar stafleden van Boryspil aan het praten te krijgen. Het zou gaan om 40 ton goud, die uit de kluizen van de Oekraïense bank werd overgevlogen naar de USSA. Waar? Niet waar? Russische propaganda? Alles is mogelijk. Is het waarschijnlijk?

Ja hoor eens, we willen Oekraïne best helpen, maar er mag best wat zekerheid tegenover staan, nietwaar? Zo is dat. Stay tuned.
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di 11 mar 2014, 13:49

Did Ukraine Just Airlift Its Entire Gold Hoard To The U.S. Fed?

Afbeelding

Today an outspoken hedge fund manager out of Hong Kong stunned King World News when he said that the entire Ukrainian gold hoard may have just secretly been flown from Ukraine to the United States. William Kaye, who 25 years ago worked for Goldman Sachs in mergers and acquisitions, also spoke about the incredible implications of this astonishing development. Below is what Kaye had to say in this powerful interview.

Kaye: “There are now reports coming from Ukraine that all of the Ukrainian gold has been airlifted, at 2 AM Ukrainian time, out of the main airport, Boryspil Airport, in Kiev, and is being flown to New York -- the presumable destination being the New York Fed....

Continue reading the William Kaye interview below...

“Now that’s 33 tons of gold which is worth somewhere between $1.5 billion - $2 billion. That would amount to a very nice down payment to the $5 billion that Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland boasted that the United States has already spent in their efforts to destabilize Ukraine, and put in place their own unelected government.”

Eric King: “Whether the United States is taking down Saddam Hussein in Iraq, or Muammar Gaddafi in Libya, there always seems to be gold at the end of the rainbow, which the U.S. then appropriates.”

Kaye: “That’s a good point, Eric. The United States installed a former banker in Ukraine who is very friendly to the West. He is also a guy with central bank experience. This would have been his first major decision to transport that gold out of Ukraine to the United States.

You may recall that allegedly the logistical requirements prevented the New York Fed from returning the 300 tons of gold the United States stores for Germany back to Germany. After a year of waiting, the New York Fed only sent Germany 5 tons of gold. So only 5 tons of gold was sent from the Fed to Germany, and it wasn’t even the 5 tons that had been originally stored with the Fed.

Even the Bundesbank has admitted that the gold sent to them by the New York Fed had to be melted down and tested for purity because it wasn’t Germany’s original bars. So how is it, since logistical requirements are supposedly such a major issue, that in one airlift, assuming this report is accurate, all the gold Ukraine possessed in their vault was taken out of Ukraine and delivered to the New York Fed?

I think anybody with any active brain cells knows that just like Germany, Ukraine will have to wait a very long time, and very likely will never see that gold again. Meaning, that gold is gone.”

© 2014 by King World News®. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. However, linking directly to the blog page is permitted and encouraged.

IMPORTANT - KWN will be releasing interviews all day today.

Bron: ->> http://kingworldnews.com/kingworldnews/ ... ._Fed.html
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di 11 mar 2014, 15:22

Did Ukraine Just Airlift Its Entire Gold Hoard To The U.S. Fed?


En toen de foto van net na dit nieuws:


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di 11 mar 2014, 18:18

In Crimea, shot down a U.S. drone

(News of the Crimea) UAV U.S. aiming for intelligence purposes was shot down in the Crimea. Drone in the sky over the roadblock Turkish military shaft tracked position, said "Crimean News" source of the Cossacks. Inconsistent technique has been seen by people's self and staff "Berkut". On the project was opened fire. Read more: Column Avtomaydana tried to break in Crimea Another heavier twin-screw drone was shot down and fell outside the protected checkpoint. The cost of each UAV is approximately $ 4.03 million

Bron: ->> http://translate.google.com/translate?s ... spilotnik/
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:33

NATO starts air drills close to Ukraine's borders

Afbeelding

NATO has begun wargames in Poland as recently dispatched US jets are set to take part in the exercises. Poor weather has delayed naval maneuvers in the Black Sea, with the US saying both drills were planned before the outbreak of unrest in Ukraine.

The air drills began on Tuesday at the Lask Air Base in central Poland. Polish President Bronislaw Komorowski was present as the exercises commenced, standing by as four Polish F-16s lifted off. A US Hercules transport plane landed with support staff, while at least 12 US F-16 fighter jets and 300 personnel are due to arrive by Thursday.

Komorowski, without directly naming Crimea, said "events to the east" provided a reason to protect military spending in an age of austerity.

"I hope events to the east of the Polish border, which is also NATO's border, will encourage tough decisions regarding Polish security," Reuters cites him as saying.

The decision to deploy the US jets followed a phone conversation between US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and his Polish counterpart Tomasz Siemoniak on Sunday. Washington insisted the air exercise was planned long in advance, though Siemoniak maintains the exercise was to have been smaller, only involving transport aircraft.

Following recent events in Crimea, however, Siemoniak asked the Pentagon to send fighter jets instead.

"This was our request," Reuters cites Siemoniak as saying at a Polish Rocket Defense site. "We really appreciate that the reaction was that quick and significant."

On Monday, NATO also gave the green light to Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) for reconnaissance flights over Poland and Romania in order help monitor the crisis in Ukraine. The planes are slated to fly from their home airbases in Geilenkirchen, Germany and Waddington in Britain, from where they will cross Romanian airspace on Tuesday.

That follows a decision made by the US last week to send a KC-135 aerial refueling plane and six F-15 fighter jets to Lithuania to bolster NATO’ air patrol over Baltic airspace. Those ships will reinforce four F-15s, which arrived on January 1 to fill NATO’s Baltic Air Policing rotation. The rotations is scheduled to end April 30.

Baltic allies had requested the assistance amid a growing standoff between Ukraine and Russia on the Crimean Peninsula. Following the deployment, US Secretary of State John Kerry said that the modest US military deployment should be viewed as “concrete steps to reassure our NATO allies.”

Meanwhile, strong winds and high seas have caused the US and its NATO allies Bulgaria and Romania to delay the naval portion of its military exercises by 24 hours, the Bulgarian defense ministry said.

“The weather is now improving, the sea is not that rough and I don't expect another postponement," Reuters cites Lieutenant-Colonel Dimitar Titev as saying.

Washington said both the air drills and the joint Black Sea exercises with Romania and Bulgaria, which were delayed due to bad weather, were scheduled long before crisis struck Ukraine.

Afbeelding

On Saturday, US Navy destroyer, the USS Truxtun, crossed Turkey's Bosphorus strait and entered the Black Sea. The ship, with around 300 crew, was heading to “previously planned” training exercises with the Bulgarian and Romanian navies. The exercise is not expected to entail any live-fire component.

The USS Truxton, one of the largest destroyers ever built for the US Navy, had been expected to visit the Bulgarian port of Varna March 12-14. However, Titev said he was presently unable to predict what its estimated time of arrival would now be as a result of the inclement weather.

The Bulgarian naval frigate Drazki, and three Romanian naval vessels will take part in the drill, which will be held in international waters southeast of the Romanian port of Constanta. Constanta lies about 220 miles from the Crimean port of Sevastopol, where Russia's Black Sea fleet leases a base.

The exercises come as the parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea adopted an independence declaration from Ukraine which precedes a referendum slated for March 16.

The United States says it will not recognize the referendum on Crimea, while Russia’s State Duma has said it will only debate the issue of Crimea joining Russia only after the referendum takes place.

The crisis first erupted on February 28 when forces with no national insignia occupied airports and other strategic locations in Crimea. The West says the troops are under Russian control, a claim Russian President Vladimir Putin has denied. Local authorities have said the troops belong to local 'self-defense squads'. Under a current agreement with the Ukrainian government, Russia is allowed to have 25,000 troops stationed on the Crimean Peninsula.

Washington has accused Moscow of committing outright military aggression in Ukraine, while Russia denies invading the region, saying any action would take place within a framework of international law to protect Russian citizens from attack.

Putin said that Russia’s military involvement in Ukraine would take place only as a “last resort.”

Hopes of a diplomatic solution to the crisis were severely dampened after Kerry decided to cancel a visit to Moscow on Monday to discuss the issue with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov.


Bron: ->> http://rt.com/news/nato-war-games-poland-142/
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:37

EU responsible for Crimea situation: Ex-German chancellor



A Former German Chancellor says the European Union (EU) is responsible for the situation in Ukraine’s Crimea as its policy toward the Eastern European country was erroneous in the first place.

Gerhard Schroeder made the comments on Sunday in Hamburg during a press event, in which he said that Brussels made a mistake in the outset when it offered Ukraine an association agreement on “either/or” terms.

The former chancellor wondered if it was right to offer Ukraine, which is a culturally divided country, an alternative of either signing the deal with the EU or a customs agreement with Russia.

Schroeder said it would have instead been more reasonable to offer Ukraine a “both/and” alternative.

He was referring to the ousted Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych refraining from signing the association agreement with the EU in favor of closer ties with Russia in November 2013 that triggered the political crisis in the country.

The remarks come amid the standoff between Russia and the West over Ukraine’s autonomous territory of Crimea.

Amid increasingly violent protests, Yanukovych left Ukraine for Russia and a new pro-EU government was formed in Kiev.

Subsequently, and as the protests inside mainland Ukraine lost momentum with the departure of Yanukovych, a crisis began to emerge in Ukraine’s Crimea, where a large majority of ethnic Russians reside and where Russia has a naval base.

Troops, who wear military apparel that bears no insignia but who are largely believed to be Russian, were deployed to several locations in Crimea, taking control of key points in the region.

Last week, lawmakers in Crimea unanimously declared they wanted to join Russia and would put the decision to a referendum on March 16.

The new Ukrainian government, however, has declared the planned vote illegal.
Bron: ->> http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2014/03/10 ... situation/
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:41

Russia’s military is the largest in the region, but it isn’t the same force as in Soviet times

Afbeelding

The military forces that Russian President Vladimir Putin has threatened to use “as a last resort” in eastern Ukraine are in the early stages of a major, seven-year modernization program that is not expected to be completed before 2020.

Starved for funds in the 1990s and early 2000s, Moscow’s “troop readiness, training, morale, and discipline suffered, and most arms industries became antiquated,” according to a Congressional Research Service (CRS) report released Wednesday.

Russia’s invasion of Georgia in 2008 showed many operational weaknesses and triggered Putin’s major investment in defense spending and armed forces restructuring.

The effort, however, has been dogged by “mismanagement, changes in plans, corruption, manning issues,” the CRS reported.

Considering the situation in Ukraine and Crimea, it is worth noting how Russians see their immediate military threats.

The conflicts that top their threat list are “both in Russia itself (in the form of separatist uprisings and attempts to secede) and similar conflicts with the neighboring former Soviet republics,” said Ruslan Pukhov, a former Russian Defense Ministry official and now director of the Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST), a leading Russian defense industry and arms trade think tank.

“Most of these republics regard Russia as the main threat to their sovereignty and are, therefore, interested in weakening Russian influence on their territory and internationally by all possible means,” Pukhov wrote in August in an article on Russian defense strategy.

“The West underestimates the importance of the Ukrainian issue for Russia and the role of Ukraine as a colossal destabilizing factor in Western-Russian relations in the immediate term,” Pukhov wrote.

Another purpose for building Russian forces is to deter the United States and NATO countries from “meddling in conflicts in the former Soviet republics or Western attempts to forestall possible Russian actions with regard to these republics,” he wrote.

Personnel is a major problem for the Russian military. Efforts to move from a conscription army to “contract-employed” soldiers (such as the U.S. volunteer force) have not been successful.

Under Russia’s 10-year reform program of 2009, its military forces (army, navy and air force) should have been at 1 million last year. But a Swedish Defence Research Agency study released in December had the figure below 800,000. The CRS put it at 700,000.

Still, it remains the region’s largest force. The Russian army is at about 285,000, including conscripts, but units are being manned at 40 to 60 percent, according to the Swedish study.

Contract soldiers, who must serve three years, have not been reenlisting at expected rates, and the dropouts run from 35 percent to 80 percent, the Swedish study said.

Conscripts serve one year, and the constant movement makes the introduction and training on complex weapons difficult.

Also, a sharp decline in the Russian birth rate and health disqualification of 52 percent of the potential service pool have forced the military to consider increasing the length of service or accepting a smaller force.

Plans for spending more than $700 billion over 10 years on weapon modernization began in 2011 and included $89 billion for rebuilding “the largely obsolete defense industrial complex,” along with importing weapons and technologies, the CRS report said.

In addition to purchasing two French helicopter carriers for $1.6 billion, the Russians turned to the German firm Rheinmetall Defence to build a $132 million modern army training center — Mulino — near Nizhny Novgorod on the Volga.

Logistics have always been a problem for the Russian military because they were put in the hands of a state corporation called Oboronservis. The corporation contracted out modernization and maintenance services for weapons, construction and canteens. It became “a breeding ground for embezzlement, corruption and neglect of tasks,” the Swedish study noted.

In recent years, as money became available, “expenditure on logistics and rear service doubled or tripled at the same time as quality deteriorated,” the Swedish study said. This led to the dismissal in November 2012 of Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, a onetime chairman of Oboronservis.

More recently, logistics and maintenance battalions have been introduced to carry out those functions at the brigade level. However, there is a shortage of specialists and contract soldiers who can handle those jobs.

The Russian Defense Ministry in July projected that by the end of this year only 26 percent of planned armament modernization will have taken place, according Dmitry Gorenburg, a research analyst with CNA Strategic Studies, which runs the Center for Naval Analyses.

The number of combat-capable aircraft dropped from 1,600 in 2010 to 1,460 in 2012, according to the Swedish study. The new Russian defense minister, Sergey Shoygu, has said that the air force was concentrated in too few locations and required more bases.

He also spoke publicly about increasing the number of rounds that artillery and tank crews fire in exercises. “Our colleagues in other countries shoot 160 shells a year per crew. We have to increase our indicator at least five times,” he said in a January article on the Russian Defense Policy Web site.

This is not the Russia of the Cold War, and it has few allies who would join it should Putin try to move into eastern Ukraine.

As Gorenburg put it Sunday, any such move would lead “to a quite bloody and potentially long-lasting conflict,” and “even though Russia would win such a war, the result would be long-term instability on Russia’s immediate border, with guerrilla warfare likely for some time.”

Given the current state of the Russian military, there is good reason to believe that Putin will never take that step.

Bron: ->> http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/nat ... story.html
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:42

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di 11 mar 2014, 19:43

Obama Meets with Ukraine Prime Minister Wednesday

President Barack Obama will meet this week with Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, the White House said Sunday, in a prominent show of U.S. support for Ukraine’s fledgling new government.

Vice President Joe Biden cut short his trip to Latin America, nixing a planned stop in the Dominican Republic so he can attend Wednesday’s meeting, an aide to Biden said. Biden had been the White House’s prime point of contact with Ukraine’s president, Viktor Yanukovich, before he fled to Russia last month following violent clashes in Kiev.

Obama’s White House meeting with Yatsenyuk will focus on options to peacefully resolve Russia’s military invention in the Ukrainian region of Crimea, the White House said, adding that the resolution must respect Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. By inviting Yatsenyuk, whose government Russian President Vladimir Putin alleged took power by way of an unconstitutional coup, the U.S. is also sending a clear signal to Moscow that the U.S. considers Yatsenyuk to be Ukraine’s legitimate leader — at least for the time being.

“What we’ve seen is the president mobilizing the international community in support of Ukraine to isolate Russia for its actions in Ukraine, and to reassure our allies and partners,” said Tony Blinken, Obama’s deputy national security adviser, as he announced the meeting Sunday on NBC’s “Meet the Press.”

The announcement came as the Kremlin was beefing up its military presence in Crimea ahead of a planned March 16 referendum on whether Crimea should break way from Ukraine and join Russia. Putin defended the separatist drive as in keeping with international law, but Yatsenyuk vowed not to relinquish “a single centimeter” of his country’s territory. Obama has warned that the vote would violate international law.

Biden, who was traveling Sunday to Chile to attend the swearing-in of the country’s new president, had been expected to travel later in the week to the Dominican Republican to meet with President Danilo Medina. But Biden has canceled that stop and will return to Washington on Tuesday, in time for Obama’s meeting with Yatsenyuk on Wednesday, said a Biden aide, who wasn’t authorized to comment by name and demanded anonymity. The White House said Biden planned to reschedule his trip to the Dominican Republic.

Vacationing with his family over the weekend in Key Largo, Fla., Obama on Saturday spoke individually with British Prime Minister David Cameron, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and French President Francois Hollande, and collectively with the presidents of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

___

Associated Press writer Darlene Superville in Key Largo, Fla., contributed to this report.
Bron: ->> http://www.newsaddicted.com/2014/03/09/ ... wednesday/
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:44

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di 11 mar 2014, 19:46

Ukraine parliament delivers ultimatum to Crimea over referendum

Crimean assembly told to call off independence referendum or face dissolution, as US attempts at diplomacy stall

Afbeelding

Anti-Nato poster in Sevastopol: the Crimean parliament says it seek to join the Russian Federation in the event of a yes vote. Photograph: Zurab Kurtsikidze/EPA
Ukraine's parliament has warned the regional assembly in Crimea that it faces dissolution unless it cancels a referendum it has called to join the region to Russia.

A resolution, supported by a parliamentary vote, gave the Crimean parliament until Wednesday to call off the referendum, due to take place on Sunday. The Crimean parliament on Tuesday passed a motion stating that it would become independent in the event of a yes vote and then seek to join the Russian Federation, arguing that "the unilateral declaration of independence of part of a state does not violate any international laws". Increasing their isolation from Kiev, the pro-Russian authorities have closed Crimea's airspace to commercial flights.

Also on Tuesday, the acting Ukrainian president, Oleksander Turchinov, announced that a new national guard would be formed in response to Russian attempts to annex Crimea.

Turchinov said mismanagement of the armed forces under the former president, Viktor Yanukovych, meant the Ukrainian military had to be rebuilt "effectively from scratch". The acting defence minister said the country had only 6,000 combat-ready infantry compared with more than 200,000 Russian troops on its eastern borders.

Hopes of a diplomatic solution to the crisis were dealt a blow after the US secretary of state, John Kerry, abandoned a visit to Moscow to discuss the crisis and the US and Russia traded accusations over who was to blame.

As western officials prepared to meet in London on Tuesday to identify Russians who will be subject to asset freezes and travel bans that they hope will persuade Moscow to withdraw its presence from Crimea, the French foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, sought to ratchet up the pressure by warning that sanctions could be imposed as early as this week.

So far, Russia has paid little heed to criticism from the west. Its foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, said Moscow was preparing counter-proposals to a US plan for a negotiated solution to the crisis. Lavrov said Russia had been prepared to receive Kerry on Monday but the US secretary of state called him on Saturday to postpone his visit.

However, in Washington, state department officials said it was Russia's refusal to discuss the US proposals that was hurting prospects for a negotiated solution, in particular the idea of direct talks between Russian officials and those of the new Ukrainian government.

Spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in a statement: "Secretary Kerry made clear to foreign minister Lavrov that he would welcome further discussions focused on how to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine if and when we see concrete evidence that Russia is prepared to engage on these proposals."

With little sign that Moscow is prepared to change its position and a potential flashpoint approaching in the shape of Sunday's contentious referendum on whether Crimea should split off and become part of its eastern neighbour, Fabius raised the threat of imminent sanctions in another attempt to get Russia to engage in constructive dialogue.

"If they respond positively [to the proposals], John Kerry will go to Moscow, and then sanctions will not be immediate," he said on France Inter radio. "If they do not respond or if they respond negatively, there will be a series of sanctions that could be taken as early as this week."

The German foreign minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, was more cautious, maintaining that the EU would rather avoid confrontation with Russia. He set a deadline of the weekend for "a visible change in Russia's conduct", warning that otherwise measures would be discussed at the European council on Monday.

In his second press conference since he fled to Russia, Yanukovych decried the actions of the new Kiev government and its western allies but shied away from discussing the de facto Russian occupation of Ukraine's Crimean peninsula.

In his only reference to Crimea, Yanukovich said the new regime's policies had "led to the fact that Crimea is seceding", but he did not mention the seizure of the peninsula by unmarked Russian forces at the end of February.

He said he was the legitimate president of Ukraine, arguing he had not fled his post but had simply been "in Kharkov, then in Donetsk, then in Crimea" when opposition forces seized the government. He called the presidential election planned for 25 May "absolutely illegitimate and illegal".

Speaking in Rostov-on-Don, Yanukovych condemned the west for supporting the new government in Kiev, which he said was being taken over by radical nationalists. "I want to ask the sponsors of this dark force in the west: have you gone blind? Have you lost your memory? Have you forgotten what fascism is?" he said.

The self-exiled president appealed to the US Congress, Senate and supreme court to reconsider the aid package being prepared to shore up Ukraine's depleted finances, arguing that US law forbids aid being given to a country that has overthrown a legitimately elected president.

A Ukrainian International Airlines plane was turned back on Tuesday on its way from Kiev to Simferopol, the region's main city, and had to return to the capital.

The captain told passengers the Crimean authorities had closed airspace to all commercial flights, and there had been no flights on Monday either.
Bron: ->> http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/m ... referendum
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:50

Interessant stuk leesvoer, ontdek de overeenkomsten met de situatie nu...
Mussolini's Rise to Power

November 21, 2010

Benito Mussolini began his political career as a socialist. Over time, he modified his views creating fascism. The fascist party differed from socialism in its embrace of nationalism. However, it resembled its counterparts by emphasizing revolutionary politics. The fascists grew dramatically in the early twenties and brawled their ideological rivals and brethren. The government feared Mussolini’s rivals and underestimated the future dictator. Eventually, Mussolini legally assumed power through a coup that led to his dictatorship and fascist victory in Italy.

Afbeelding

Mussolini rejected socialism when he realized its shortcomings. Socialism rejected nationalism, but the masses embraced it. Mussolini recognized this and incorporated nationalist elements into his new political ideology. He also rejected internationalism and class warfare. He strove to unite people on their Italian roots as opposed to uniting the workers of the world and waging class warfare. By proclaiming Italian greatness, Mussolini gave people something to believe in and created a unifying force.

Even with the “traditionalist” outlook, fascism remained revolutionary. His lieutenants formed the “black shirts” to restore order in the streets when necessary. This quasi military band was made up of unemployed war veterans. They brawled with their opposite numbers among the communists, socialists, and anarchists. At the very core, the four ideologies were more similar than different.

Despite the similarities between the competing extreme ideologies, the Italian government ignored fascist violence. They feared a communist revolution more than a fascist uprising. In 1917, communists overthrew the Russian government leading to civil war and mass murder. Italians feared a repeat and the fascists ranks grew dramatically to counter the threat. Mussolini played to nationalist sentiments which helped set the fascists apart from the others competing for power. He promised unity through Italy while the other revolutionaries had to deal with the excesses of the Russian Revolution. The fascists enjoyed the advantage of not being associated with mass murder. This aided the party with public relations and at the ballot box.

In 1921, Mussolini was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies. This body was the Italian equivalent of America’s House of Representatives. Mussolini’s election helped the fascists gain some legitimacy. The Italian Fascist Party formed in November 1921. The following August, the socialists and communists launched an anti-fascist general strike. The people failed to rally to the leftists allowing the fascists to brutally suppress the strikers. The national government did little to restrain the black shirts. Italians preferred Mussolini’s nationalism to the socialist’s internationalism. After the strike, Mussolini decided to seize the government.

The Italian government planned a national celebration of victory in World War I. Mussolini decided that the November 4 commemoration provided his opportunity. On October 24, Mussolini announced his intentions to 60,000 followers. He wanted Italy. The government grew wary of Mussolini after the announcement and the fascist’s demand for Prime Minister Facta’s resignation. After making his demands, Mussolini and his followers marched for Rome.

Facta did not believe Mussolini wished to establish a dictatorship. Before he resigned, the prime minister did declare an emergency when fascists surrounded the capital. Mussolini’s ragtag force numbered perhaps 30,000 men. The pressure proved too much for the Italian king. Victor Emmanuel III refused to use the military to squash Mussolini’s “march.” He feared suppression would result in a civil war and asked Mussolini to form his government. On October 28, 1922, Italy fell to the fascists.

Following his victory, Mussolini paraded his force through the city. Technically, Mussolini’s action was not really a coup. He marched a small force to the gates of Rome and demanded power. The king and government crumbled without a fight. Despite this, the seizure has gone down as Mussolini’s “March on Rome.” The government’s surrender legitimized the takeover and allowed the fascists to legally change society.

Mussolini’s fascism provided Italians with something to believe in. Italians rallied to him as he proclaimed Italian greatness. The government preferred the black shirts to the communists, socialists, and anarchists. As a result, they looked the other way as Mussolini’s band committed acts of violence. Eventually, he turned on the government which surrendered rather than risk a civil war.
Bron: ->> http://www.examiner.com/article/mussoli ... e-to-power
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:53

LOL Amerikanen ook...
Actually Russia is in a very bad position here. They have almost no way to reinforce their Crimea forces unless they gain air-superiority over NATO, an extremely unlikely event.

Without air-superiority, they can't reliably maneuver and re-supply. That's why they're digging in. They know they won't be maneuvering anytime soon.

So without re-supply and without the ability to maneuver against an attacking force they are left with poorly positioned static defenses.

Putin better pray to whatever God he worships that NATO doesn't act.

Fun fact: Soviet / Russian hardware has never fared well against Western tech since the early 1960's. The gap in performance has only gotten wider as time goes on.

Predictions:

There will be a limited conflict over the Ukraine. Probably centering around Kiev.

The SA-400 systems are easily taken out and other air defense systems suppressed within days of a conflict.

Russia's air force, while excellent, lack critical combined arms experience and is small. They lose a majority of theater air-support in a week, maybe two.

Chinese stay the hell out once they see Russia's premier defense systems trashed, knowing they'll fare no better.

Tactical nukes are rolled out and the perhaps 1-2 are used.

Putin is overthrown, Russia withdraws but so does NATO.

Ukraine is left a blasted wreck for generations.
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baphomet
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:54

House Moving to Counter Russian ‘Intervention’ in Ukraine

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The House will pick up today where it left off last week — addressing its growing concerns surrounding Russia’s apparent violation of Ukrainian sovereignty in Crimea.
The House is expected to pass a resolution condemning Russian military forces for “a blatant violation of sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity” in the Crimean peninsula while contending that the intervention “poses a threat to international peace and security” and is in violation of international law.”
The resolution demands that Russia withdraw all military forces in Crimea and end support of separatist and paramilitary loyalists. It also calls for the deployment of international monitors and requests that the the U.S.’s allies join together to boycott the G8′s planned meeting in Sochi and meet to consider expelling Russia “given its record of international aggression, domestic repression, and human rights records that are inconsistent with democratic standards.”
Early this evening, the House will also receive a classified briefing at the Capitol from several senior administration officials, including Victoria Nuland, the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. Nuland joined Secretary of State John Kerry on his March 4 visit to Kiev, where they met with Ukraine’s new Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.
Multiple sources with knowledge of the briefing confirm that in addition to Nuland, the administration officials coming to speak to the members are Derek Chollet, Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Robert Cardillo, Deputy Director for Intelligence Integration at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, along with David S. Cohen, Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence and Daleep Singh, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe and Eurasia, from the Department of Treasury.
Last Thursday, the House voted to authorize the Obama administration to extend loan guarantees to Ukraine, worth up to $1 billion. The House also previously approved a resolution February 10 “to support democratic and European aspirations of the people of Ukraine and their right to choose their own future free of intimidation and fear.”
House Speaker John Boehner and other Republicans have also pressured President Obama to increase exports of natural gas to Europe because Russian President Vladimir Putin is exerting “an energy stranglehold” on several countries in Europe.
Today, House Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer expressed support for relieving Russia’s energy dominance in Eastern Europe and told reporters at the Capitol that he believes Republicans and Democrats should present a “united front” as the United States considers its options.
“Certainly using the assets available to us — one of which is assuring both from Europe’s standpoint and U.S. standpoint and other partners around the world that the Ukraine is not blackmailed by energy cut off from Russia — that’s something that is worthwhile to consider,” Hoyer, D-Md., said.
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di 11 mar 2014, 19:56

World Bank to lend Ukraine $3bn

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The World Bank is ready to grant almost bankrupt Ukraine a loan of up to $3 billion this year to support reforms and infrastructure projects.

The Washington-based organization already has several projects in Ukraine aimed at reducing poverty.

Around $2 billion will be allocated to the ongoing projects. The other $1 billion would go directly to the government on condition it implements economic reforms to fix the financial mess, Reuters says.

“We are committed to supporting the people of Ukraine in these difficult times and very much hope that the situation in the country stabilizes soon,” said World Bank President Jim Yong Kim.

“We are moving forward with our pipeline of projects and aim to support the government to undertake the reforms badly needed to put the economy on a path to sustainability”, he said.

The terms of the loan have not been announced, however the bank says priority is to be given “to restoring macroeconomic stability, strengthening the banking sector, reforming the energy sector, seriously tackling corruption and improving accountability, enhancing the investment climate and better targeting social assistance towards the poor and the vulnerable.”

The $3 billion loan may become additional help to the ongoing investment and guarantee program of about $3.7 billion. In particular the World Bank supports the improvement of basic public service delivery in areas such as water supply, sanitation, power and roads, and supports the private sector.

However Timur Nigmatullin, the Investcafe analyst, is sure Ukraine needs a much larger sum to get out of the crisis.

"In order to solve the economic problems of Ukraine, needs not less than $15-25 billion, probably nearer to $35 billion … Without external help we will see a Ukrainian default within the next few months," Nigmatullin said.

The Vice-President of the European Commission Olli Rehn said, at a euro group meeting on Monday evening, the EU can allocate up to $2.2 billion (1.6 billion euro) of direct financial help to Ukraine,

However, Rehn emphasized that at first Ukraine has to sign a contract with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and undertake a commitment to carry out economic reforms.

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