Egypte zet leger in!

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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:25

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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:42

Egypte krijgt toegang tot Twitter via Google

Gepubliceerd door Maikel van den Hurk
op dinsdag 1 februari 2011 15:29
http://www.techzine.nl/nieuws/25258/egy ... oogle.html

Bron: NU, Views 494
Google heeft ervoor gezorgd dat inwoners van Egypte toch kunnen twitteren. Om gebruik te kunnen maken van Google's oplossing, dienen de Egyptenaren naar een telefoonnummer te bellen. Als ze het nummer bellen kunnen ze hun Tweet inspreken, welke vervolgens door Google's technologie wordt omgezet in een tweet met hashtag #egypt.

Twitter en Google kwamen samen tot deze oplossing en geven op deze manier Egyptenaren de kans om hun digitale stem te laten horen. President Mubarak heeft grotendeels de stekker uit het Egyptische internet getrokken. Google hoopt dat Egyptenaren op deze manier de wereld op de hoogte kunnen houden van wat er precies gaande is.

President Mubarak is al dagen lang wereldwijd het onderwerp van discussie. Sinds het begin van januari zijn er hevige protesten tegen de leider van Egypte. De rellen hebben inmiddels meer dan 300 mensenlevens opgeëist. Enkele honderdduizenden tot een miljoen mensen protesteren ten tijde van schrijven op het Tahrirplein in de hoofdstad van Caïro. Ze eisen dat president Mubarak vertrekt en er democratische verkiezingen komen.
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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:46

Block Like an Egyptian
How did the Egyptian government turn off the Internet?


By Christopher BeamPosted Friday, Jan. 28, 2011, at 4:55 PM ET
http://www.slate.com/id/2283000/

Afbeelding

As protesters take to the streets in Egypt, the government has reportedly shut down the Internet. How does that work? Does Egypt's Internet have an on/off switch?

No. While we don't know exactly how the Egyptian government choked off Internet access, there's no centralized red button that the government—or anyone—can push to turn it off. Evidence suggests a government official called Egypt's four biggest Internet service providers—Link Egypt, Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt, and Etisalat Misr—and told them to halt connections. (Vodafone has said it cooperated because the regime has the legal authority to order such a halt.) An engineer at each ISP would then access the ISP's routers, which contain lists of all the IP addresses accessible through that provider, and delete most or all of those IP addresses, thus cutting off anyone who wants to access them from within or outside the country. That doesn't mean each ISP had to physically power down their computers; they simply had to change some lines of code.

Egypt didn't shut down the entire Internet. About 93 percent of Egyptian networks have been disabled, according to Renesys, a company that monitors global Internet activity. One major ISP, Noor Group, is still up and running. Perhaps not coincidentally, Noor happens to host Egypt's stock exchange. Web connections used by the government and military are also likely still operating on their own private ISPs. Some Egyptian users might also be able to use old-fashioned dial-up connections.

Egypt may be the largest country to have cut off the Internet, but it's not the only one. Burma orchestrated a shutdown in 2007 to coincide with a violent crackdown on protesters, as did Nepal when its government declared martial law in 2005. Other countries, like Iran, Brazil, and China, have deliberately slowed down the Internet or blocked certain Web sites. But filtering Web traffic based on search terms or blacklists—which Internet users can usually get around, using mirror sites or proxy servers—is a less blunt instrument than cutting it off entirely.

Withholding the Internet in Egypt is relatively easy, compared with other more democratic countries. For one thing, there are only four major ISPs, each of which has relatively few routers connecting them to the outside world. By comparison, anyone who wanted to shut down the Internet in the United States would have to deal with many different companies. And whileEgypt can legally disable telecom companies by executive decree, American companies might fall under various regulatory umbrellas that limit the government's power to disrupt communication channels. Members of Congress have proposed creating a "kill switch" that would shut down the Internet at the push of a button in the case of a "cybersecurity emergency," but erecting such a blockade would be logistically difficult.

Got a question about today's news? Ask the Explainer.

Explainer thanks James Cowie of Renesys, Ronald Deibert of University of Toronto, Robert Faris of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, and Rafal Rohozinski of the SecDev Group.

Protests in Egypt

http://www.slatev.com/video/fires-burn-cairo-night/
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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:50

Zo zet een dictator het internet uit

door Steven de Jong
31 januari 2011, 12:38
http://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2011/01/31/zo- ... ernet-uit/

Afbeelding

Wie als dictator dat opruiende ge-Twitter en ge-Facebook zat is, heeft niet de beschikking over een ‘kill switch’ waarmee internet in één keer is af te sluiten. Toch kreeg de Egyptische president Hosni Mubarak het donderdagnacht voor elkaar.

Volgens de Amerikaanse website Slate was een telefoontje naar vier internetaanbieders voldoende: Link Egypt, Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt and Etisalat Misr.

“Een technicus hoeft alleen maar een aantal regels code te veranderen”, legt Slate uit. Vervolgens kan niemand meer verbinding maken met de provider. “Volgens de Egyptische wetgeving hebben de autoriteiten het recht om een dergelijke beslissing te nemen”, excuseerde het hoofdkantoor van Vodafone in Londen zich. “We zijn verplicht hieraan te voldoen.”

Daniel Karrenberg van RIPE NCC (de beheerder van IP-adressen in Europa en het Midden-Oosten) legt in de Canadese National Post uit dat het sluiten van internet relatief eenvoudig was in Egypte omdat de markt verouderd is. “Hoe eenvoudiger de topologie, hoe minder providers er zijn, hoe makkelijker het is voor een regering of telecomprovider controle te krijgen over de internettoegang in een bepaald gebied.” Een diverse telecommarkt heeft een veel fijnmaziger netwerk, aldus Karrenberg. The Wall Street Journal geeft een technische uitleg over zogeheten BGP-knooppunten en verwijst naar een monitor waarop de activiteit van providers wordt gemeten. 88 procent van de Egyptische netwerken zou onbereikbaar zijn.

Een andere manier om meer dan tweederde van de Egyptenaren offline te halen, is het beschadigen van de glasvezelkabel op de bodem van de Middellandse zee. In 2008 is die twee keer stukgegaan, waarschijnlijk door een anker. In december van dat jaar ging daardoor 80 procent van de bevolking offline.

In westerse democratieën is het afsluiten van internet niet alleen moeilijker door de vele providers, maar ook door communicatiewetgeving waaraan een regering zich te houden heeft. In juni 2010 diende de Republikeinse Susan Collins met de Democraten Joe Lieberman en Tom Carper een wetsvoorstel in waarin een zogeheten ‘kill switch’ werd opgenomen die alleen de president zou mogen bedienen als de VS via internet aangevallen wordt. Lieberman probeerde het beeld van een ‘kill switch’ te pareren, maar faalde daarin jammerlijk door te stellen dat dergelijk beleid in China heel gebruikelijk is.

Mubarak had ook veel profijt van internet kunnen hebben, schreef nrc.nl eerder. “Als Mubarak een beetje met zijn tijd was meegegaan, had hij via Twitter en Facebook de grootste opruiers kunnen opsporen. In plaats daarvan sloot hij die belangrijke informatiebron juist af.”
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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:52

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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:54

Egypt says to open cash machines to civil servants

CAIRO | Tue Feb 1, 2011 8:46am EST
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/ ... S620110201

CAIRO (Reuters) - Egypt's state banks will reopen their cash machines to pensioners and government employees to collect pensions and salaries as of Wednesday, Egypt's newly appointed Finance Minister Samir Radwan said.

Egyptians, many of whom live hand to month, have increasingly felt the strain as protests demanding an end to President Hosni Mubarak's spread across the country. The banking system is now nearing its second week of a near-total halt.

Withdrawals will be limited to 1,000 Egyptian pounds ($171) a day, Radwan told state television.

Many cash machines have been smashed by looters and most others were shut down.

Radwan said machines at the National Bank of Egypt, Banque Misr and Banque du Caire would be open for limited withdrawals, as would those at Housing and Development Bank, in which the government owns a big stake.

The state news agency MENA quoted bank officials as saying machines were being loaded and cash was already available at some. A number of machines belonging to foreign-owned banks HSBC and NSGB were working on Tuesday, residents in the upscale neighborhood of Zamalek said.

It was unclear if employees of private companies, where salaries are often paid on about the first of the month, would have access to funds through machines. Most factories and retail shops apart from food outlets have been closed since Thursday.

Government salaries are mostly made available to employees around the 20th of the month, and pensions beginning on the 10th. Many retired employees collect their pensions through cash machines, but others collect them from post office branches, which have also been closed.

(Reporting by Patrick Werr and Yasmine Saleh)
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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:56

“Een technicus hoeft alleen maar een aantal regels code te veranderen”, legt Slate uit. Vervolgens kan niemand meer verbinding maken met de provider. “Volgens de Egyptische wetgeving hebben de autoriteiten het recht om een dergelijke beslissing te nemen”, excuseerde het hoofdkantoor van Vodafone in Londen zich. “We zijn verplicht hieraan te voldoen.”
Vind ik toch wel opmerkelijk dit...Dus er is helemaal geen internet kill swits.
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wo 02 feb 2011, 01:57

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wo 02 feb 2011, 02:00

The Impact Of Egypt Cutting Itself Off From The Internet
from the could-be-pretty-big dept


http://www.techdirt.com/articles/201101 ... rnet.shtml

As the news came out late Monday that the last remaining independent ISP, who had remained online in Egypt, has now turned off its connection to the wider internet as well, people are beginning to explore what this all means. Andrew McLaughlin, who until recently was the deputy CTO of the Obama administration, has penned a thoughtful article for the Guardian noting how this emphasizes how infrastructure really matters and how limited competition allows these situations to develop:

The internet cutoff shows how the details of infrastructure matter. Despite having no large-scale or centralised censorship apparatus, Egypt was still able to shut down its communications in a matter of minutes. This was possible because Egypt permitted only three wireless carriers to operate, and required all internet service providers (ISPs) to funnel their traffic through a handful of international links. Confronted with mass demonstrations and fearful about a populace able to organise itself, the government had to order fewer than a dozen companies to shut down their networks and disconnect their routers from the global internet.

But, perhaps the bigger question is how will the cut off actually impact the Egyptian economy and wider society as a whole. It's really quite amazing how integrated the internet has become in all our lives, and it really has become a fundamental part of the economy and how we live. Pulling the plug on the internet in a decently large country has serious ramification both inside the country (most seriously) and outside:

A central unknown at this moment is what the economic harm to the country will be. Without internet and voice networks, Egyptians are losing transactions and deals, their stocks and commodities cannot be traded, their goods are halted on frozen transportation networks, and their bank deposits are beyond reach.

Also unknown is how many Egyptians have been harmed in non-economic ways – as human beings. As things stand, a worried mother who has not heard from her son or daughter can't send an email or check Facebook for a status update. A witness to violence or abuse can't seek help, document responsibility, or warn others via Twitter or a blog.

Life-saving information is inaccessible. Healthy, civil debate about the future is squashed. And in the absence of trustworthy news, firsthand reports and real-time images, rumour and fear flourish. In all those ways, the total internet cutoff undermines the government's own interest in restoring calm and order.

I imagine that there will be numerous case studies that come out of this unfortunate situation, based on what happens. One can only hope that the actual harms aren't as bad as they might be.
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wo 02 feb 2011, 02:03

“Een technicus hoeft alleen maar een aantal regels code te veranderen”, legt Slate uit. Vervolgens kan niemand meer verbinding maken met de provider. “Volgens de Egyptische wetgeving hebben de autoriteiten het recht om een dergelijke beslissing te nemen”, excuseerde het hoofdkantoor van Vodafone in Londen zich. “We zijn verplicht hieraan te voldoen.”
Vind ik toch wel opmerkelijk dit...Dus er is helemaal geen internet kill swits.
Geen knop nodig zolang de provider doet wat ze verteld word. Net zoals in de 'gewone' wereld iedereen (inclusief ik vrees ik) doet wat hem verteld en geleerd wordt.
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wo 02 feb 2011, 02:19

Revolutie?

dinsdag 1 februari 2011
http://www.stelling.nl/kleintje/actueel ... 48009.html

Handig zetje van Mubarak (ook wel Pabarak). Om die Omar Suleiman tot vice-prez te benoemen. Want wat Barack aan de andere kant van het bord ook van plan was, die vlieger ging niet op. Ondanks al die massademonstraties onder aanvoering van aanstormend jeugdig talent, dat zo intensief door de geheimsmurfen binnen clubs als Freedom House, National Endowment for Democracy en Open Society is gepamperd.

Omar was tot voor kort namelijk de grote baas van de Egyptische geheimedienst en was al vanaf het kelen van president Sadat en de installatie van Mubarak in 1981 tot zijn huig betrokken bij alle vuiligheden van de CIA in de regio. Inclusief het verhoren van fanatieke Mo's die met zogenaamde baardvluchten werden aangevoerd en het dirigeren van bomaanslagen, die vervolgens aan Het Schijthuis werden toegeschreven.

Die man weet dus het nodige en zal niet aarzelen om dat blik wurmen op straat te keilen als het nodig mocht zijn. Een reden temeer voor de huidige bewoner van het Witte Ziekenhuis om uiterst voorzichtig te manouvreren.

Trouwens, waar was de opperbevelhebber van het Egyptische leger toen de pleuris uitbrak aan de Nijl? Op bezoek bij zijn collega's in het Pentagon.

Het doet een beetje denken aan het verblijf van de chefsmurf van de Pakistaanse geheimedienst ISI in New York en omstreken ten tijde van het lang daarvoor al aangekondigde optreden van het Flying Circus op Manhattan. Niets is zoals het lijkt of Nicole Le Fever ons dagelijks vertelt.
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wo 02 feb 2011, 04:00

Protesters flood Egypt streets

More than a million rally in Cairo's Tahrir Square as massive countrywide protests are held against President Mubarak.
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2011 14:43 GMT

http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middl ... 42982.html



More than a million protesters flooded into central Cairo, turning Tahrir Square in the Egyptian capital, into a sea of humanity as massive protests against President Hosni Mubarak swept across Middle East's most populous nation.

Packed shoulder to shoulder in and around the famed Tahrir Square, the mass of people on Tuesday held aloft posters denouncing the president, and chanted slogans "Go Mubarak Go" and "Leave! Leave! Leave!"

Similar demonstrations calling on Mubarak to step down were also witnessed across other cities, including Sinai, Alexandria, Suez, Mansoura, Damnhour, Arish, Tanta and El-Mahalla el-Kubra.

Tens of thousands marched in Alexandria while the number of those protesting in Sinai was estimated to be around 250,000.

Tuesday's protests were by far the biggest since street demonstrations broke out against Mubarak's rule last week.

"The crowd is very diverse - young, old, religious, men, women - and growing by the minute," Al Jazeera's online producer said from Tahrir Square.

"They're chanting the same slogans they've been chanting all week. Someone actually hung an effigy of Mubarak from a streetlight."

Organisers had called for a march by a million people on the day, but the turnout surpassed all expectations.

Soldiers deployed at the square did nothing to stop the crowds from entering.

They have formed a human chain around protesters, and are checking people for weapons as they enter. Tanks have been positioned near the square, and officers have been checking identity papers.

According to reports, the military police have placed barbed wire around Mubarak's residence in Masr el-Gedidah, a suburb east of Cairo.

Sources said Mubarak is expected to offer "a solution" in an address to the nation shortly.

'Gaining momentum'

Al Jazeera correspondents said the mood at the Tahrir Square was "festival-like".

"It is peaceful, people power that has united here in the heart of Egypt's historic square," reported one correspondent

An Al Jazeera correspondent in Cairo said that there were reports that "thugs in certain parts of the city have been trying to stop people from driving into Cairo".

She said that "increasingly large pockets of pro-government protests" are also taking place at various locations in the city. There are fears that if the two sets of protesters meet, a violent clash could erupt.

Gigi Ibrahim, a political activist, told Al Jazeera the protesters will not be satisfied until Mubarak steps down.

"... Every day there are more numbers on the street than the day before. I think the protests are gaining momentum. The people ... will literally not leave until Mubarak steps down," she said.

In turning out at Tahrir Square and elsewhere, the protesters overcame various odds. Authorities had stopped all train traffic from Monday afternoon in a bid to deter people from joining the protests, but they came out in very large numbers nevertheless.

State TV has started showing footage of the protests in Tahrir Square, though it continues to delve on how the protests are hurting Egypt's economy.

Protest organisers had called for an indefinite strike to be observed across the country on Tuesday, the eighth day of an uprising that has claimed at least 150 lives.

Army promise

The protesters have been emboldened by the army's statement on Monday, in which they said that force would not be used against them.

"To the great people of Egypt, your armed forces, acknowledging the legitimate rights of the people," stress that "they have not and will not use force against the Egyptian people," said the statement.

It was the first such explicit confirmation by the army that it would not fire at demonstrators.

It urged people not to resort to acts of sabotage that violate security and destroy public and private property. It warned that it would not allow outlaws to loot, attack and "terrorise citizens".

Mubarak swore in a new cabinet on Monday, in an attempt to defuse ongoing demonstrations, but the move has done little to douse public anger.

Panic and chaos

On Tuesday, the International Monetary Fund said it was ready to put in a place an economic rebuilding policy for the country.

"The IMF is ready to help in defining the kind of economic policy that could be put in place," IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn said.

Meanwhile, chaos has been reported at Cairo's international airport, where thousands of foreigners are attempting to be evacuated by their home countries.

Our correspondent reported on Tuesday that about 1,000 US citizens have been evacuated to Cyprus or Turkey, from where they are expected to make their own way home.

She also said that China is sending two additional planes to evacuate its citizens.
Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
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wo 02 feb 2011, 04:10

20:39 | Report: Mubarak to announce in TV speech that he will step down after next election (Reuters)

http://www.haaretz.com/misc/breaking-news
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wo 02 feb 2011, 05:15

Arabische tv-zender: Mubarak niet herkiesbaar

ANP ? 01/02/11, 19:50
http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/4909/VK- ... baar.dhtml

Afbeelding
Een Jordaanse demonstrant houdt een bord omhoog. reuters

CAIRO - Volgens tv-zender Al Arabiya geeft de Egyptische president Hosni Mubarak dinsdagavond een toespraak waarin hij zegt dat hij zich niet herkiesbaar zal stellen. Mubarak blijft op zijn post tot de stembusgang volgend jaar, aldus de Arabische nieuwszender, die geen bron vermeldde.
De autoriteiten hebben de berichten niet bevestigd.

Vicepresident
De zender baseert zich op de Arabische Al Hayat TV, die de toespraak van Mubarak al zou hebben opgenomen. De autoriteiten hebben de berichten niet bevestigd.

Al Arabiya meldde ook dat vicepresident Omar Suleiman gesprekken is begonnen met vertegenwoordigers van partijen.

Dinsdagavond zijn in hoofdstad Caïro nog steeds veel mensen op de been om te eisen dat Mubarak aftreedt. De 82-jarige Mubarak regeert Egypte al sinds 1981 met ijzeren vuist. Hij is een voormalige gevechtspiloot en luchtmaarschalk. Hij werd in 1975 vicepresident onder president Anwar Sadat. Toen Sadat in 1981 werd vermoord, volgde Mubarak hem op. Hij werd herkozen in 1987, 1993, 1999 en 2005.
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