Re: Het Plasma Universum, een introductie.

Alles puur natuur nier ;-)
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do 30 okt 2014, 14:08

N.a.v.

viewtopic.php?f=148&t=108&p=85590&hilit=mars#p85590
viewtopic.php?f=76&t=75498&p=86407&hilit=mars#p83796
viewtopic.php?f=76&t=75498&p=86407&hilit=mars#p86407
Mars hit by massive planet sized explosion
http://theunhivedmind.com/wordpress3/ma ... explosion/



COMET SIDING SPRING UPDATE. Dr.Fritz Helmut Hemmerich made this video from 1200-meters at Tenerife in the Canary Islands showing Comet Siding Spring immediately after its Mars encounter.

Comet C/2013 A1 May Smash Into Mars In 2014
by allynh » Fri Oct 24, 2014 9:54 am

That was such a non-event that nobody really commented after it happened. This is an odd post from NASA. They have a picture that is a "composite" with a fake star background. They wanted to make something pretty but didn't actually say anything in the post. I wonder why. HA!

http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpB ... 73#p100764


Close Encounters: Comet Siding Spring Seen Next to Mars | NASA
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/october/ ... t-to-mars/

Afbeelding



This composite NASA Hubble Space Telescope Image captures the positions of comet Siding Spring and Mars in a never-before-seen close passage of a comet by the Red Planet, which happened at 2:28 p.m. EDT October 19, 2014.
NASA, ESA, PSI, JHU/APL, STScI/AURA
NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has produced a unique composite image of comet Siding Spring as it made its never-before-seen close passage of a comet by Mars.

Siding Spring, officially designated Comet C/2013 A1, made its closest approach to Mars at 2:28 p.m. EDT on Oct. 19, at a distance of approximately 87,000 miles. That is about one-third of the distance between Earth and the moon. At that time, the comet and Mars were about 149 million miles from Earth.

The comet image is a composite of Hubble exposures taken between Oct. 18, 8:06 a.m. to Oct. 19, 11:17 p.m. Hubble took a separate image of Mars at 10:37 p.m. on Oct. 18.

The Mars and comet images have been added together to create a single picture to illustrate the angular separation, or distance, between the comet and Mars at closest approach. The separation is approximately 1.5 arc minutes, or one-twentieth of the angular diameter of the full moon. The background star field in this composite image is synthesized from ground-based telescope data provided by the Palomar Digital Sky Survey, which has been reprocessed to approximate Hubble’s resolution.

The solid icy comet nucleus is too small to be resolved in the Hubble picture. The comet’s bright coma, a diffuse cloud of dust enshrouding the nucleus, and a dusty tail, are clearly visible.

This is a composite image because a single exposure of the stellar background, comet Siding Spring, and Mars would be problematic. Mars actually is 10,000 times brighter than the comet, so it could not be properly exposed to show detail in the Red Planet. The comet and Mars also were moving with respect to each other and could not be imaged simultaneously in one exposure without one of the objects being motion blurred. Hubble had to be programmed to track on the comet and Mars separately in two different observations.

NASA used its extensive fleet of science assets, particularly those orbiting and roving Mars, to image and study this once-in-a-lifetime comet flyby. In preparation for the comet flyby, NASA maneuvered its Mars Odyssey orbiter, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and the newest member of the Mars fleet, Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), in order to reduce the risk of impact with high-velocity dust particles coming off the comet. Other NASA space observatories also joined Hubble in observing the encounter, along with ground-based telescopes on Earth.

Siding Spring is the first comet from our solar system’s Oort Cloud to be studied up close. The Oort Cloud, well beyond the outer-most planets that surround our sun, is a spherical region of icy objects believed to be material left over from the formation of the solar system.

The new composite image was taken with Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3. To view the image, visit:
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/october/ ... t-to-mars/
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vr 31 okt 2014, 13:58

Galactic-Scale Electric Fields Could Solve Dark Matter Mystery, Says Physicist


Astronomers have long known that galaxies rotate too quickly, observation that has generated one of the great mysteries of astrophysics. The problem is that there is not enough visible mass in these galaxies to hold onto stars in their most distant regions. So something must be preventing these galaxies from flying apart and the mystery is that nobody knows what.

The most popular idea is that these galaxies are filled with dark matter that astronomers cannot see but provides enough gravitational force to hold everything together. But despite extensive searches, nobody has found convincing evidence that dark matter really exists.

Today, one physicist puts forward a new idea that could account for the anomalous galactic rotation. Steve Reucroft, a physicist formally at Northeastern University in Boston and now with a company called ThinkIncubate in Wellesley, Massachusetts, says that electrostatic forces could prevent galaxies from flying apart as they rotate.




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ma 03 nov 2014, 16:38

Wal Thornhill and David Talbott on Rosetta | Space News
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Gepubliceerd op 26 okt. 2014

Today, the chief principals of the Thunderbolts Project, Wal Thornhill and David Talbott, take a closer look at the latest information from the Rosetta mission to Comet 67P.

The Thunderbolts Rosetta predictions page: https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/0 ... edictions/

Steve Smith September TPOD on the Rosetta mission: https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/0 ... nexistent/
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wo 12 nov 2014, 14:06

combi schreef:Wal Thornhill and David Talbott on Rosetta | Space News
ThunderboltsProject



Gepubliceerd op 26 okt. 2014

Today, the chief principals of the Thunderbolts Project, Wal Thornhill and David Talbott, take a closer look at the latest information from the Rosetta mission to Comet 67P.

The Thunderbolts Rosetta predictions page: https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/0 ... edictions/

Steve Smith September TPOD on the Rosetta mission: https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/0 ... nexistent/

ninti: voor mensen die landing van Philae op de comeet live willen volgen : «linQ»


ninti: of op guardian «linQ»
http://www.theguardian.com/science/acro ... -live-blog

en op thunderbolts.info:
http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpB ... 85#p101386
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zo 30 nov 2014, 20:13

Hier dus...... ;D


Afbeelding



Afbeelding
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di 02 dec 2014, 14:45

We worden beschermd door een Star Trek-achtig onzichtbaar schild
Geschreven door Tim Kraaijvanger

27 november 2014 om 08:51 uur
http://www.scientias.nl/worden-bescherm ... ild/107598


Een team van wetenschappers heeft een onzichtbaar schild ontdekt op een hoogte van 11.500 kilometer boven het aardoppervlak. Dit Star Trek-achtige schild blokkeert extreem snelle elektronen, die tijdens zonnestormen door de ruimte vliegen en astronauten en satellieten bedreigen.

De onderzoekers troffen het schild aan in de Van Allen-gordels. Dit zijn twee gordels van geladen deeltjes rond de aarde. De gordels worden op hun plaats gehouden door het magnetische veld van de aarde. Ze krimpen en groeien regelmatig. Dit is afhankelijk van hoeveel energie er binnenkomt van de zon. Opvallend is dat de buitenste Van Allen-gordel een scherpe grens heeft op een hoogte van ruim elfduizend kilometer, waar elektronen worden tegengehouden die lager in de atmosfeer willen dringen.

Onzichtbaar schild
“Het lijkt wel alsof de elektronen op een glazen wand botsen”, legt studieleider Daniel Baker van de universiteit van Colorado uit. Zijn paper is vandaag gepubliceerd in het wetenschappelijke journaal Nature. “Dit fenomeen heeft wel iets weg van het schild dat in Star Trek wordt gebruikt om de Enterprise te beschermen tegen vijandig vuur. Het is in ieder geval een bijzonder fenomeen.”

Voorheen dachten wetenschappers dat hoogenergetische elektronen – die met een snelheid van 160.000 kilometer per seconde langs de aarde razen – langzaam worden afgeremd in de atmosfeer en uiteindelijk verdwijnen door interacties met luchtmoleculen. Nu lijkt het erop dat het Star Trek-achtige schild hiervoor verantwoordelijk is.

Monitoren
Het is nog onduidelijk hoe het schild zich heeft kunnen vormen. “We gaan het gebied de komende tijd in de gaten houden”, zegt Baker. “Stel, er vindt een grote uitbarsting plaats op de zon, dan verwacht ik dat het schild tijdelijk wordt gebroken door de grote hoeveelheid elektrisch geladen deeltjes.”
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wo 03 dec 2014, 14:08

Did life on Earth flourish thanks to SATURN? Computer models reveal enormous influence planet has on our orbit

Bringing Saturn's orbit 10 per cent closer to sun creates a tug on Earth
Tug is strong enough to stretch Earth's orbit by tens of millions of miles
This is according to computer models created by University of Vienna
Jupiter has a far more gentle variation in how the Earth's orbit behaves


By Ellie Zolfagharifard
Published: 11:11 GMT, 26 November 2014 | Updated: 13:12 GMT, 26 November 2014
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ ... orbit.html


Earth is 365 million miles (588 million km) away from Jupiter and 830 million miles (1.3 billion km) from Saturn.

But these heavyweights of our solar system have a huge influence on what goes on in our planet, and could be to thank for humanity's existence.

The orbits of these planets are keeping our world moving in a circular path at just the right distance from the sun for life to flourish. Moving Saturn's orbit just 10 per cent closer to the sun creates a tug that would stretch out Earth's orbit by tens of millions of miles. This is according to Elke Pilat-Lohinger of the University of Vienna, Austria, who has developed computer models to understand how Jupiter and Saturn affected the shape of other planets' orbits. Using a simple model that did not include other inner planets, Professor Pilat-Lohinger found that the greater the tilt, the more the elongation in Earth's orbit, according to a report by Jeff Hecht in the http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2 ... HWjr_l_t8F New Scientist. Jupiter's gravity, which is 2.5 times stronger than that of Earth's, is capable of pulling on other planets in the solar system - including our own.

When Mars and Venus were added to the model, the orbits of all three planets stabilised slightly, but Saturn's tilt still had a major influence on Earth.

The model found that 20-degree tilt of Saturn would bring the Earth's orbit closer to the sun than Venus. It would also cause Mars to leave the solar system entirely. In a similar study earlier this year, the University of New South Wales and Royal Holloway University of London, ran various computer models of our solar system.

With each iteration, the planets in the solar system remained in their place while Jupiter moved around in different obits, ranging from circular to elliptical. The scientists also moved the entire orbit of Jupiter inwards and outwards to test what would have happened if the planet had formed closer to the sun, or further away. Each simulation was taken through a million year time frame, recording where Earth would have been every 100 years as a result of Jupiter's position. 'The default assumption is this is something that is important,' said Jonti Horner, an astronomer and astrobiologist at the University of Southern Queensland.

'There's a lot of flexibility where Jupiter will be, and you would assume that you'd have a very smooth, very gentle variation in how the Earth's orbit behaves over time.'

While Jupiter's locations resulted in little change in Earth's orbit and tilt, the effect on Earth's climate remained unclear.
Astronomers Find Evidence Of Two Undiscovered Planets In Our Solar System
by Stephen Luntz

November 16, 2014
http://www.iflscience.com/space/signs-p ... ce=message


The possibility of a planet lurking in the outer reaches of the solar system has gained new ground, based on the orbits of recently discovered objects. There is a new twist to the latest evidence, however, with suggestions of not one but two large planets at mind-bending distances from the Sun.

The quest for a "Planet X" beyond Neptune has been going on for more than a century. Recently, two dwarf planets Sedna and 2102 VP113 have been identified with orbits extending to distances hundreds of times further from the Sun than our own.

Distant as these orbits are, they are too close to be part of the Oort Cloud, a collection of comets that mostly orbit at distances beyond 5000 AU.

Instead it is thought that these objects formed closer to the sun. The gravitational influence of a large planet is one explanation of how their orbits changed. The theory has its own problems – if we can’t explain how objects like these came to be orbiting at such distances, then it’s equally unclear how a theoretical planet came to be there.

Scott Sheppard, of the Carnegie Institution for Science, and the Gemini Observatory's Chad Trujillo noted a clustering in the orbits of the solar system’s most distant known entities, many of which they had discovered. Ten Kuiper Belt Objects, and minor planets Sedna and 2012 VP113, all have orbits that cross the plane of the solar system at angles that range from shallow to steep.

Yet all of these distant objects reach their closest point to the sun just when they are near the plane the planets circle in. The scientists considered this unlikely to be a coincidence, and speculate it might be a sign of a planet influencing all of their orbits.

In Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters brothers Carlos and Raul de la Fuente Marcos of Complutense University of Madrid have taken this a step further. “The analysis of several possible scenarios strongly suggest that at least two trans-Plutonian planets must exist,” they conclude.

Even more recently, Lorenzo Iorio of the Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Research has argued in the same journal that if planet X exists, it must be much further out than Trujillo and Sheppard proposed. How far it would need to be depends on its mass, but an unknown object twice as heavy as the Earth could not be less than 500 AU from the Sun, Iorio maintains.

Other astronomers are more cautious. David Jewitt of the University of California, Los Angeles told Science News, "The outer solar system can be full of all sorts of unseen and interesting things,” Jewitt says, “but the argument ... for a massive perturber is a bit puzzling.” Jewitt notes that if the Kuiper Belt Objects in the Trujillo/Sheppard study have a planet keeping them in line, it may well be Neptune. Sedna and 2012 VP113 are too far out for this to be true for them as well, but it is far easier to explain two orbits as coincidences than twelve.

While the question may only be finally settled by the discovery of a large planet lurking in space, a number of teams have redoubled their efforts to find modest sized objects whose orbits might help us lend credence to, or reject, the theories proposed so far.
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do 04 dec 2014, 14:08

November 28, 2014
NASA Team Probes Earth's Plasmasphere --A Cloud-Like Barrier to Ultra-Fast Electrons

Afbeelding

The Van Allen belts are a collection of charged particles, gathered in place by Earth’s magnetic field. They can wax and wane in response to incoming energy from the sun, sometimes swelling up enough to expose satellites in low-Earth orbit to damaging radiation. The discovery of the drain that acts as a barrier within the belts was made using NASA's Van Allen Probes, launched in August 2012 to study the region.
“This barrier for the ultra-fast electrons is a remarkable feature of the belts," said Dan Baker, a space scientist at the University of Colorado in Boulder and first author of the paper. "We're able to study it for the first time, because we never had such accurate measurements of these high-energy electrons before."


The ultraviolet light image above shows the shape that the ionized gas plasmasphere takes, discovered in 2000 by NASA's robot IMAGE spacecraft. The arm of the plasmasphere pointing toward the Sun, on the lower right, had been hypothesized but never before seen directly. The Earth's shadow can be seen pointing away from the Sun. The bright regions in the center are full auroral rings over northern Earth, visible as northern lights from the ground. The plasmasphere is thought created by sunlight energizing molecules in Earth's upper atmosphere and is contained by Earth's magnetic field.

Understanding what gives the radiation belts their shape and what can affect the way they swell or shrink helps scientists predict the onset of those changes. Such predictions can help scientists protect satellites in the area from the radiation.

The Van Allen belts were the first discovery of the space age, measured with the launch of a US satellite, Explorer 1, in 1958. In the decades since, scientists have learned that the size of the two belts can change – or merge, or even separate into three belts occasionally. But generally the inner belt stretches from 400 to 6,000 miles above Earth's surface and the outer belt stretches from 8,400 to 36,000 miles above Earth's surface.

A slot of fairly empty space typically separates the belts. But, what keeps them separate? Why is there a region in between the belts with no electrons?

Enter the newly discovered barrier. The Van Allen Probes data show that the inner edge of the outer belt is, in fact, highly pronounced. For the fastest, highest-energy electrons, this edge is a sharp boundary that, under normal circumstances, the electrons simply cannot penetrate.

"When you look at really energetic electrons, they can only come to within a certain distance from Earth," said Shri Kanekal, the deputy mission scientist for the Van Allen Probes at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland and a co-author on the Nature paper. "This is completely new. We certainly didn't expect that."

The team looked at possible causes. They determined that human-generated transmissions were not the cause of the barrier. They also looked at physical causes. Could the very shape of the magnetic field surrounding Earth cause the boundary? Scientists studied but eliminated that possibility. What about the presence of other space particles? This appears to be a more likely cause.

The radiation belts are not the only particle structures surrounding Earth. A giant cloud of relatively cool, charged particles called the plasmasphere fills the outermost region of Earth's atmosphere, beginning at about 600 miles up and extending partially into the outer Van Allen belt. The particles at the outer boundary of the plasmasphere cause particles in the outer radiation belt to scatter, removing them from the belt.

This scattering effect is fairly weak and might not be enough to keep the electrons at the boundary in place, except for a quirk of geometry: The radiation belt electrons move incredibly quickly, but not toward Earth. Instead, they move in giant loops around Earth. The Van Allen Probes data show that in the direction toward Earth, the most energetic electrons have very little motion at all – just a gentle, slow drift that occurs over the course of months. This is a movement so slow and weak that it can be rebuffed by the scattering caused by the plasmasphere.

This also helps explain why – under extreme conditions, when an especially strong solar wind or a giant solar eruption such as a coronal mass ejection sends clouds of material into near-Earth space – the electrons from the outer belt can be pushed into the usually-empty slot region between the belts.

"The scattering due to the plasmapause is strong enough to create a wall at the inner edge of the outer Van Allen Belt," said Baker. "But a strong solar wind event causes the plasmasphere boundary to move inward."

A massive inflow of matter from the sun can erode the outer plasmasphere, moving its boundaries inward and allowing electrons from the radiation belts the room to move further inward too.

The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, built and operates the Van Allen Probes for NASA's Science Mission Directorate. The mission is the second in NASA's Living With a Star program, managed by Goddard.

A paper on these results appeared in the Nov. 27, 2014, issue of Nature magazine.

The Daily Galaxy via www.nasa.gov/vanallenprobes

Image credit EUV, IMAGE Science Team, NASA
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zo 07 dec 2014, 18:25

combi schreef:Afbeelding
Was this congeries of pictures from the Moche culture of Peru a star map?
Lower terrace reliefs, north facade, ceremonial plaza, Huaca de Luna,
Valle de Moche, Trujillo, Peru. © Rens Van Der Sluijs



Seeing Things—In the Sky Part Two

Aug 12, 2011
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2011/ ... eeing2.htm


Where does the idea of constellations come from? And how do these arbitrary groups of stars relate to mythology?

The argument shapes up nicely in the light of traditions that name specific constellations as mythical creatures thus conveyed to the night sky. Examples are again in no short supply. Thus, a chief of the Snohomish (Washington State) related that a few of the first people, who were unaware that the sky was about to be raised, climbed up into the sky, as was customary to do, and were forced to remain there, in the form of familiar asterisms:

'But a few people did not know about the sky pushing. Three were hunters who had been chasing four elk for several days. … The elk jumped into the Sky World, and the hunters ran after them. When the sky was lifted, elk and hunters were lifted too. In the Sky World they were changed to stars. At night, even now, you can see them. The three hunters form the handle of the Big Dipper. The middle hunter has his dog with him – now a tiny star. The four elk make the bowl of the Big Dipper. Some other people were caught up in the sky in two canoes, three men in each of them. And a little fish also was on its way up into the Sky World when the people pushed. So all of them have had to stay there ever since. The hunters and the little dog, the elk, the little fish, and the men in the two canoes are now stars, but they once lived on earth'.

An informant from the Kathlamet (border area of Washington and Oregon) reported a transformation of the first 'people' into stars following the severance of the 'rope' that had occasioned their transportation to the sky: 'Then [Bluejay] cut the rope and the sky sprang back. Part of the people were still above. They became stars. [Therefore] all kinds of things are [in the sky] – the Woodpecker, the Fisher, the Skate, the Elk, and the Deer. Many things are there'. In eastern Colombia, the Sikuani agreed that, following the destruction of the string of arrows upon which Tsamani and his siblings had travelled to the sky, the members of the party turned into familiar asterisms:

'They remained in the sky, to one side of the sun. When they got there Máva gave them other clothing, and when they threw away the ones they had worn on earth they turned into stars, into groups of stars: Kahúyali, Híwinai, Tsamáni, Íbarru, Sáfarrei. They can be seen in the summer, for in August they begin to appear early in the morning. Not all of them can be seen at the same time'.

Of this party, Kahúyali represented Orion, who 'can be seen in the sky without a left leg', Tsamani Delphinus, three brothers the Pleiades, and their sisters Coma Berenices. In Amazonian Peru, meanwhile, the Shipibo-Conibo would finger the Pleiades as Huíshmabo, Orion as the cripple Quíshioma and the constellation ‘Hare’ as Ráya – three brothers who had ventured into the sky along a chain of arrows. Or again, in the far southeastern tip of Australia, members of the Bibbulmun nation figured that many familiar asterisms were mythical characters well known to them, at least in 1924:

'Now Wommainya and his family and his brotherinlaw may all be seen in the sky. Wommainya (Vega) stands beside the lake, and in the middle of the lake his two boys still stretch out their hands to him (two stars south of Vega). Wommainya looks angrily at Irdibilyi (Altair), and sees the spear still sticking through her heart, and near the women’s fire sits Karder (Delphinus), because he was lazy and tired, and would not hunt for meat or look out for his nephews. … Wommainya, Irdibilyi, Karder, and the boys sit down in the sky, so that all Bibbulmun shall see them and shall keep the camp laws'.

Joining the dots, the following picture now emerges: around the world, bands of people passed on myths regarding mysterious supernatural beings that had lived on earth, but at some point moved up into the sky, where they occupied permanent positions. Looking up at the starry firmament, people then projected the famed members of this departed race onto the stars, either framed individually or in bunches. Practically every culture arrived at different identifications, but the fundamental concept was the same.

Where does this leave the nature of such mythical beings themselves? The solution to this enigma is intimately tied up with the origin of creation mythology as a whole. Steering clear of the pointless hypothesis of alien visitors as advanced by Erich von Däniken, a promising scenario involves extraordinarily vivid transient events in the atmosphere, as observed globally during prehistoric times. Once our scientists are ready to recognise the full impact such near-earth plasmas must have had on the earth and its inhabitants, we may want to thank our lucky stars that some survived to tell the tale.

Rens Van der Sluijs


http://mythopedia.info

Books by Rens Van Der Sluijs:

The Mythology of the World Axis

The World Axis as an Atmospheric Phenomenon


Ancient Chinese felt that Chi energy originated deep in the cosmos and was filtered through nine stars of Ursula Major (big dipper), Vega and Polaris (North star).


Afbeelding


Afbeelding


Afbeelding
From the sequence of three images in figure 7
it is clear that the celestial narrative involves the
swastika seed
which has been opening up since;
no.1 2770 BC no.2 1800 BC no.3 2000 AD




Afbeelding
Cassiopeia ‘W’ and the Great Bear doing the tango around the pole star Polaris
The north star is the last star on the handle of the Lesser or Little Bear
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vr 19 dec 2014, 11:50

Rosetta Mission Update | Oops! No Water on Comet 67P?




Gepubliceerd op 18 dec. 2014

The comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko will be in the news for several months. And it has the potential to spark extensive controversy. Issues could range from electric fields in space, to solar system history and the history of earth itself.

See Segment 1:


Executive Producer: Gerald Simonson
Script and Narration: David Talbott
Chief Science Advisor: Wal Thornhill
Animation and Editing: Brian Talbott
Executive Assistant: Susan Schirott
Music: Softsound (Nancy Holt)

Subscribe to Thunderbolts Update newsletter: http://eepurl.com/ETy41
The Thunderbolts Project Home: http://www.thunderbolts.info
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ma 05 jan 2015, 16:10

Rosetta Mission Update | Comet 67P -- Electrical Sculpting of Surface Dust


For several months now, the Rosetta Mission has followed the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko around the sun. And as we’ve expected, direct observation continues to add one mystery to another. How are we to understand the weird configurations of dust on the comet’s surface?


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za 10 jan 2015, 17:35

MAGNETIC STORM ON COMET LOVEJOY?

Around the world, observers of bright Comet Lovejoy (C/2014 Q2) are reporting activity in the comet's sinuous blue ion tail. Last night, Italian photographer Rolando Ligustri used a remotely-controlled telecope in Spain to capture this 'plasma blob' billowing down the tail, away from the comet's core:

Afbeelding

This could be a sign that a magnetic storm in underway. Observers of comets frequently witness plasma blobs and 'disconnection events' in response to CMEs and gusts of solar wind. In extreme cases, a comet's tail can be completely torn off.

http://www.spaceweather.com/archive.php ... &year=2015


Comet Lovejoy Brightens

Afbeelding
The recent activity of comet Lovejoy puts another dent in conventional comet theory. The “dirty snowball” hypothesis should be discarded in favor of electrical activity.
According to a recent press release, astronomers are surprised by the “unexpected brightening” of comet Lovejoy. Edwin Lovejoy discovered C/2014 Q2 on August 17, 2014, from Brisbane, Australia. It is a common theme among astronomers in recent years to refer to comets almost universally as “surprising” or “puzzling”. Why the confusion persists is because most scientists think of comets as icy bodies, with only a small percentage of rocky composition.

Comets spend most of their time far from the Sun where the charge density is low. Because comets move slowly, their electric charges reach equilibrium with the weak, radial solar field. As they get closer to the Sun, however, their nuclei speed into regions of increasing charge density and varying electrical flux. Polarity and charge characteristics respond to increasing solar forces, so comas (charge sheaths) form around them. Discharge jets flare up and move across the surface like the plumes of Jupiter’s moon, Io. If the charge imbalance becomes too great, the nuclei may explode like an over-charged capacitor, breaking into fragments or vanishing forever.


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ma 12 jan 2015, 22:04

Donald Scott: Modeling Birkeland Currents, Part 1 | EU Workshop
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Gepubliceerd op 11 jan. 2015

Don Scott, author of Electric Sky, made two major presentations at the EU Workshop, Nov 14-16, 2014 in Phoenix, Arizona. The first detailed how “polar configurations” are formed in space. Lacking familiarity with electrical phenomena in plasma, astronomers typically list these Herbig-Haro objects as “poorly understood.” Don’s second talk will illustrate the relationship between Birkeland Currents and counter-rotating shells, to show how they form such polar phenomena as Earth’s cylindrical auroral sheets and Saturn’s north polar “hurricane.”

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zo 18 jan 2015, 17:46

Laboratory experiments confirm that electricity flowing through plasma forms regions separated by thin walls of opposite charge called double layers. This is the “charge separation” so often mentioned in these pages. Could charge separation be the foundation for the electrical explosions known as supernovae?
In an electrically charged plasma star, explosions occur because of double layer breakdowns. A star’s power comes from external currents of electric charge flowing through vast circuits in space. Instead of “core rebound” or “white dwarf accretion,” supernovae are the result of a stellar “circuit breaker”, where the stored electromagnetic energy in the circuit is suddenly focused at one point.
When a star’s double layer explodes, the electromagnetic energy stored in its galactic circuit surges into the explosion. The resulting supernova radiation is emitted across the entire electromagnetic spectrum from radio to gamma rays. So, it is electricity that causes the stars to shine, and it is electricity that causes them to explode. If dust is formed in supernovae, it is an ironic commentary from NASA that specifies the need for an electric discharge to create their version of it.



https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/1 ... to-dust-2/
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vr 30 jan 2015, 13:09

Misschien al wel eens voorbij gekomen, maar ik kon m zo niet traceren op QFF, dus plaats het maar hier...

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